Garmin Edge 1000

A guide to getting turn-by-turn navigation working on the Edge 1000

Note that this page is very much work in progress whilst I experiment with the Edge 1000 to unlock it’s full potential.


I frequently cycle up to and over 100 miles, often in places I’ve never been before, pre-planning my route to visit particular places, follow the nicest roads/avoid the nasty roads and pass the features I want (cake stops!) when I want. Rather than keep stopping and looking at a map/route-card, I’ve used a Garmin Edge to follow the route for many years with great success.

Though the Edge 1000 is pretty good out-of-the-box, it does have a few quirks, so this page details how I have it set up and how I use it for navigating.

This guide is broken down into just 5 steps:

  1. Set up your Edge 1000 – some of the default settings are a bit odd so we’ll change them (only needs doing once)
  2. Plan your route
  3. Download your route
  4. Copy your route onto the Edge 1000
  5. Go ride!

After the guide there’s some sections covering other relevant information.


Maps are critical to the success of turn-by-turn navigation because that’s where the Edge will get the turn-by-turn information from, not from the route file.

The Edge 1000 comes with a pre-loaded map which is based on the Open Street Map (OSM) project. You will get updates to this map via Garmin Express.

So far I’ve had no issue with the included maps though it’s possible to use the old style Garmin City Navigator and OS maps on SD card if you prefer.

You can also use a different “cut” of the OSM maps that you download yourself (see here for a guide on how to get them) should you need an area not covered by the included map, you have issues with it or would rather a map that didn’t include cyclepaths (in which case select Generic Routable as the map type).

Initial setup

Some of the default settings on the Edge 1000 are a bit odd/undesirable/wrong so you need to make a few changes (this only ever needs doing once).

Select Tools from the main menu, Activity Profiles, a particular activity, Navigation, Map and set the options like so:

Edge 1000 Map

When done, press the back arrow, select Routing and set the options like so:

Edge 1000 Routing


Note: In an update to the original Edge 1000 firmware, Garmin decided you can’t have “off course” warnings on if you’ve got turn-by-turn navigation on. The best workaround I can think of is to set Recalculation to “Prompt”. That way you’ll at least get a notification if you accidentally go off course (I normally select “no” and find my own way back to the course).

When you get to Avoidance Setup, set the options like so (or as applicable to your bike type):

Edge 1000 Avoidance


Keep pressing (or press and hold) the back arrow to get out of the menu system. Obviously you need to do this for each profile.

Select Courses from the main menu, then press the button in the bottom right (icon with three lines) and ensure Turn Guidance is enabled. (images to follow)

Plan your route

There are numerous websites out there that allow you to pre-plan a cycle route but RideWithGPS is by far the best so that’s what I’ll assume you’ll be using.

Some tips for route planning (originally written by Uncycle on the Garmin forums):

  • To avoid the confusing the Edge 1000, always finish a circular route 10-15 metres away from the start
  • When plotting a route always click in road segments NOT at junctions (to avoid little side stubs when you click a bit inaccurately)
  • Allow the website’s routing algorithm time after each click to complete its routing to that point (avoids odd little loopbacks)
  • Go round the course at max zoom to check that all is correct

Another little trick that I do is to grab “peg man” and hover him over the route, if my route lights up blue, it means the Google StreetView car went down that part of the road and so there shouldn’t be a problem going down it myself. If it doesn’t light blue then why did the StreetView car not go down there? Most likely it’s an unpaved or private road that Google thinks is navigable when in fact it’s not practical and/or legal to do so.

Download your route

Once you’ve planned your route on RideWithGPS, use the Export feature to save the route as a GPX Track.

Copy your route onto the Edge 1000

Plug the Edge 1000 into your computer, wait for it to be recognised and then copy the GPX file you exported into the Garmin\NewFiles folder on the Edge 1000. I prefer to use the Garmin\NewFiles folder on an SD Card as it means that should the Edge 1000 ever do a “reset” during a ride then at least my route is still safe.

Go ride!

Once you’ve done the above, actually navigating a route is really simple, just select Courses  from the menu screen, select the desired course & hit the big green Ride button. This will cause the Edge 1000 to:

  1. Overlay the route on the map page (in purple, you can’t change that)
  2. Give you turn-by-turn instructions (bleep & on screen prompt)
  3. Give a bleep and an instruction for every entry in the RideWithGPS cue sheet (if you used the TCX option)
  4. Show a “Recalculate” message if you stray off the route

An alternative (if you don’t want the bleeps & prompts) is to not hit Ride from the course details screen but select Settings, Map Display and set Always Display to On. Then keep pressing (or press and hold) the back arrow till you’re out of the menu system. If you then find the map screen you’ll see your course displayed in the colour you chose and you just need to follow the line. This option obviously removes any intelligence from the device, which is no bad thing if you don’t want to follow a course exactly or you’re not totally familiar with the technology and want to keep it simple and/or quiet.

Note that when you hit the Ride button, the Garmin will say “Calculating” from 0 to 100% whilst it works out the turn-by-turn notifications for your route. The speed at which it goes through this process is not consistent (e.g. it may take as longer to get from 30% to 40% than it did to get from 20% to 30%). On longer routes it may stick on 100% for a while.

Ride WithGPS Premium Users

It’s worth noting that RideWithGPS Premium users have two extra features directly relevant to Garmin Edge users:

  • Garmin Write – this sends a route directly to your Garmin Edge 1000 meaning the Putting a route onto the Edge 1000 section is completely redundant and the whole process is easier/quicker.
  • If you use the TCX format you can tick the “Notify before turn?” option to get an extra bleep just prior to junctions.

There are lots of other benefits to being a premium user as well as the fact you’re supporting a great website run by two great guys so it’s worth considering.


There are some issues/bugs relating to the above that I’ve witnessed on my Edge 800 which I expect will also apply to the Edge 1000:

  1. If the maps you have loaded don’t contain all the paths used on your route, the Garmin might change your route during the “Calculating” phase.
  2. Sometimes you don’t get a turn prompt when you expect one. This is because the map you have loaded doesn’t know about or understand the junction and isn’t a fault with the Garmin. Typically this happens when the map thinks a junction has a different layout (different road priorities) to what is marked on the road.

Any Questions?

If you’ve any questions or comments re navigation using the Garmin Edge 1000 then leave a comment below. Please don’t ask generic questions about the Edge 1000 or questions not related to the above as unfortunately I’ve not got time to answer those, use the Garmin Forums instead.


18 Responses to Garmin Edge 1000

  1. Many thanks for this info!

    Can you explain your choices for maps and navigation settings? I am not sure what Guide Text does or why you would want auto-zoom off for example?

    • forgot says:

      No problem for the info/page Ian, just hoping it’s of use to others (my equivalent page for the Edge 800 has been really popular).

      Guide Text sets when the turn-by-turn navigation prompts are shown, and that’s all the manual says! I’ve stuck with “When Navigating” because that’s what I had on the Edge 800. Not sure what the other options do on the Edge 1000, need to experiment to see if anything else might be better.

      Auto Zoom is an easy one to answer. I often just glance at the map and if the zoom is consistent then I can do this with a sense of scale. If Auto Zoom is on, I’d need to look at the scale too and that’s not that clear. I’m doing a fairly consistent speed so I know what scale I like. Just personal preference really.

      Hope that helps.

  2. pjg says:

    Your comment on RWGPS’ “Garmin Write” feature is incorrect. The file written is a “fit” file which is identical to the “TCX” format. This is why the “Garmin Write” feature allows you to change how far in advance you want notifications for the change in direction.

    Also, for the “Avoidance” options, it is a well-known fact that bike roads tend to be tagged as highways internally and if you tell the 800/810/1000 to avoid highways, it may not take you onto a cycling path. On my 1000, I disabled all avoidance features.

    In Map / Orientation feature, I recommend most people use “Automotive”. This provides the rider a 3D perspective just like in the car and is very easy to read when cycling.

    Last, not sure why you have Auto Zoom off. It works quite well. You don’t need to constantly fiddle with the zoom factor as you enter towns or change of direction…

    • forgot says:

      Thanks for the info.

      I’ve updated my RWGPS section to remove the GPX Track reference.

      I’m not sure on what basis you can say it’s a “well known fact” that contributors to Open Street Maps mark a cycle path as a “Major Highway”. I very much doubt they do that. In the UK at least, Major Highways are dual carriageways and motorways and I don’t want ride my bike on either. That said the avoidance options are of course totally personal and if you’ve got re-calculation switched off the Edge 1000 shouldn’t be taking any of these settings into account anyway.

      Your other two points are also personal and people can of course experiment and chose the options that work best for them. Personally I didn’t like the “Automotive” view on the 800 (not tried it on the 1000) and I don’t find the need to change the zoom level unless there’s a problem and I need to see more of the map, at which point the Garmin wouldn’t know that either so I’d still have to do it manually.

      This page is just a guide to allow people to get turn-by-turn navigation working quickly and reliably. Hopefully your comment and this response will encourage to experiment a bit once they’ve got the basics working.

      • pjg says:

        @forgot. I suggest you read up on how cycling paths end up getting tagged in the actual GPS map files. The problem is that there is no way to tag something as a cycling path. Therefore, in order to give them priority over roads, many map systems give the cycling path the same priority level as a highway. If you tell the Edge 800/810/1000 to avoid highways, there is a good chance it will not select a cycling path as its primary route. Read this for more info:

        And, yes, the other comments are preferences but they are based on comments of many many GPS users that I deal with. When people use the GPS primarily as a routing tool (like in your car), the Automotive mode is generally easier to use for many.

        • forgot says:

          Interesting read. Though I’m not wanting the Garmin to do any routing so it’s all a moot point anyway ;) I only include the screen because otherwise people would ask what I have those settings as!

          As I said, I’m not dictating what settings people use, I’m just trying to produce a guide that will allow people to get turn-by-turn navigation working for their own routes because the manual doesn’t explain it. I first did this for the Edge 800 which wasn’t straightforward at all, so I wrote a page showing how I did it so people could at least get it working. Though the Edge 1000 is much easier (mostly thanks to the included maps), I think some people will still struggle and hence I’ve done a page for them.

          People can tweak things after that if they don’t like the exact way I do it, but at least I’ve given them a good base point to work from especially as in my earlier comments and your comments we’ve explained the alternatives.

        • forgot says:

          I forgot to say… thinking about it, it might be better to set Avoidance to all off as you suggest, just in case it does affect the way the Edge 1000 calculates the TBT for a given route. If you remove the limitations and provide a route, the Edge might be more likely to stick to that route.

    • forgot says:

      I’ve now checked and RWGPS “Garmin Write” feature gives you the choice of writing it as a GPX Track, GPX Route or TCX.

  3. Bobbo says:

    A useful addition for this great start of a reference, is to do the same for the segment functionality on the Edge 1000. As you can read in the garmin forums, we are all learning how to use this, and what the quirks are…..

    • forgot says:

      :) Would love to Bobbo, unfortunately I don’t have any real interest in segments. But why not go for it yourself, am sure people will thank you for it.

  4. Stone says:

    Just bought an Edge 1000 and the day after I used it for a 167 km ride in almost unfamiliar territory.
    It is pretty annoying that it can find the cycleways along the highways and motorways.
    I’ve tried to allow it to use highways ect. but no, it will absolutely take me for a longer route than nessary.
    When that said, its a pretty nice device that can do all the things I want (except navigating along major routes).
    Thanks for a great guidance.

    • forgot says:

      Did you plan the route yourself? If not then that’s the best way as it should follow your idea of the best route.

      It’s a cycle computer so it’s not too crazy a concept that it knows about cycleways! But I agree, it’d be better if you could turn them off. If you don’t want them then follow the instructions in the last paragraph of the Maps section above and use them instead of the included maps.

  5. Len DeMoss says:

    This is excellent. I had the Edge 705 which I loved and when the new 1000 came out, I had to have it. I noticed right away that they had taken out the function of when you bring up a course, click on Go, that it calculates and loads the route, then you can hit the settings under the route and click off that stupid idiotic Virtual Partner, and make sure you have off course warning turned on and turn by turn, turned on. I liked that. They make the 1000 too confusing (especially if you had a past model Edge). Being able to turn the turn by turn off/on was a good function but I read in the forum that people were bitching about it and Garmin took it out.

  6. Conor says:

    Thank you really useful blog, saved me hours of research

  7. Software v2.40 disables Turn-by-Turn directions – AS A DEFAULT – despite changing “Guide Text” to NAVIGATION/Always On still haven’t managed to get the TbT working – any ideas?

    • forgot says:

      On the courses menu press the three lines icon and turn it on there.

      • Ashley says:

        Seems silly that Garmin had TBT off by default. Took me ages to figure out where it was on the 1000.

      • Len DeMoss says:

        I don’t see any 3 line icon on the course menu. Where is this located? If I click on Courses, all I see are the course routes I’ve downloaded to the device, no 3 line icon at all. I hate this Virtual Partner. You can disable it by particular bike profile by going to Data Screens and toggling to the bottom to Virtual Partner then click on/off. But…if you have a course route loaded into courses, and you click on that course, the device does a calculating to update/load Virtual Partner, so even though you have it turned off for the device’s bike profile, you still get it. I hate it. I am currently cycle touring in Australia and it shows up on all my daily routes (loaded from I’ve not been able to figure out how to get ride of it permanently or turn it off permanently. I suspect it has a major degradtion in battery performance. I have noticed that the battery life of my 1000 is not nearly as good as the 800 (which I could turn off Virtual Partner on every route I loaded by going to settings for the route).

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